# Energy Basics

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Need to Know

• What is the difference between energy and power?
• Approximately how much energy is consumed by different activities?
• How much energy does it take to run the world?
• Where do we get our energy?

Energy is the ability to do work.

#### A joule is the SI unit of energy.

• A joule is the energy transferred when a force of one newton moves an object one meter (1 newton meter)
• 1 joule of energy is used in lifting a 1 kilogram brick (2.2 pounds) 10 centimeters (3.9 inches).
• A kilowatt-hour is a unit of energy.
• Running a 1.2 kilowatt microwave for 1 hour uses 1.2 kW-h of energy. That’s 4.3 megajoules or 4,300,000 joules.
• A calorie is the heat energy required to increase 1 gm of water 1 deg C. (4.1868 J)

#### A watt is a unit of power.

• Power is how fast energy is used or produced.
• A watt (W) is a joule (J) of energy used or produced per second.
• In 2010, the average US power use was 3.3 terawatts, or 3,300,000,000,000 watts.
• 1 horsepower (hp) is 745.7 watts.